In Malerkotla, the CAA robs families of their security.

By Vijaya Pushkarna

Photo from the Web

Little known to the rest of the country, the women of Malerkotla , a small town in Punjab’s Sangrur district, have been supporting their sisters of Shaheen Bagh in the protest against the discriminatory Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 , for almost a month now.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, affects the women –and men—of Malerkotla more than in does anyone else in the country. And in a palpable way. Even as Prime Minister Narendra Modi sees a design to destabilize India’s security by those behind Shaheen Bagh, the CAA robs these families of Malerkotla of the security they can expect to have.

Thanks to a prized gift from the 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, not even an extreme group can disrupt the peace and communal harmony of Malerkotla. That has been the real and felt experience of the people for the last 320 years.

When Wazir Khan, the  Governor of Sirhind ordered that the Guru’s sons, Fateh Singh and Zoravar Singh --who were no more than little boys—be bricked alive, Sher Mohammad Khan, the Nawab of Malerkotla, protested. Wazir Khan did not spare the boys, and Sher Mohd Khan went to the court in protest. Guru Gobind Singh blessed the people of  Malerkotla, a Muslim dominated town , with peace and happiness. That is part of Sikh history, and not a myth.

That part of history goes back to the times of Guru Gobind Singh. But almost 250 years later, when bloody scenes of partition were part of  every family in Punjab, Malerkotla was an oasis of calm and peace. No communal riots, no border crossing. Even when Punjab had become a killing field as  Pakistan sponsored pro-Khalistanis of the 1980s, threw the state into turmoil, Malerkotla remained calm and peaceful as ever.

The land where Guru Nanak’s enlightenment came in the form of “Na koi Hindu, Na Koi Muslalman” (No one is a Hindu, no one is a Muslim) is also where “Kudrat de sab bande” reverberates to this day , in the powerfully melodious voices of ragis and others who sing the Gurbani. It is natural that the  slogan of the women of Malerkotla is ‘Hindu Muslim Sikh Isai.. saare kirti bhai bhai’. Supporting them in the protest are the farmers of the state, under different banners. Many other unions across the state are expected to join a rally at Malerkotla on Feb 16.

Incidentally Punjab Chief Minister Capt Amarender Singh was also the first  chief minister to say he would not implement the CAA in the state, which  became the second legislature after Kerala, to have a resolution  opposing the CAA  passed.

Why is the scrapping of the CAA crucial for the families of Malerkotla?

Samhauta Express. Photo from the web.
Almost every household has a family across the International Border in Pakistan’s Punjab. They are related by blood and marriage. They speak the same language and share the same culture, cuisine. They also share their frustration over the sad state of Indo-Pak relations. Time and again, I have heard the women of Malerkotla tell me that they are never able to attend weddings and funerals in their family across the border, because they cannot get a visa. And  they miss their relatives at their own events in Punjab this side.

When these families look for a bride or a groom , it is the traditional, conservative way. A Punjabi-speaking Muslim. They are either in Malerkotla or in Punjab across the border. And the visa-obstruction notwithstanding, they agree to an alliance in or around Lahore, to remove the homesickness of a sister or a brother already married across the border. 

The mention of the Samjhauta Express running fine lights up their faces, and the suspension of the train service between Delhi and Lahore, for any reason, results in sighs and frowns.

For cultural reasons, a Muslim match from Aligarh or  Nagapatnam or even Hyderabad, simply won’t do for these Punjabi Muslims. For many , it is a distance marriage, absentee parenthood. The CAA 2019 takes away the little hope of reunion that they had.


  1. What a wonderful story Vijaya. Please have it published in a newspaper too. How about IE, if Google has no objection.

  2. Excellent story Viji..! Agree with Usha, It should publish in Newspaper to get more audience..!


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